Sports metaphors
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
“The people want...”
“Threat to our language”
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
“The people” without a definition
The true people have a unified culture
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
Nostalgic notions of nationality
Generalisation based on an individual case
Oversimplifying a complex issue
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
War metaphors
Blaming the “dissidents”
Made-up sayings
“My children...”
“The people know that...”
“There are no options”
Made-up numbers
One-liners from popular entertainment
Reference to homeland
Mention of basic values
“Cool” hand signs
Glorifying the past