A certain group is not part of “the people”
“My children...”
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
War metaphors
Mention of basic values
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
Us against them
“There are no options”
Nostalgic notions of nationality
Colloquialisms or dialect
Reference to homeland
Leader doing physical work
“The people” without a definition
Impossible promises
The people have shared values
Sports metaphors
Opposing the elite
Made-up sayings
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
“The people want...”
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
“Cool” hand signs
The true people have a unified culture