Us against them
“Cool” hand signs
“The people want...”
One-liners from popular entertainment
A certain group is not part of “the people”
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
War metaphors
Mention of basic values
Sports metaphors
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
Opposing the elite
Generalisation based on an individual case
Colloquialisms or dialect
Impossible promises
“Threat to our language”
Glorifying the past
Oversimplifying a complex issue
Made-up numbers
“My children...”
Nostalgic notions of nationality
“There are no options”
Blaming the “dissidents”
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
Leader doing physical work
“The people” without a definition