Reference to homeland
“Cool” hand signs
Sports metaphors
“The people” without a definition
Impossible promises
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
Leader doing physical work
Opposing the elite
The true people have a unified culture
War metaphors
Blaming the “dissidents”
Nostalgic notions of nationality
Made-up sayings
Generalisation based on an individual case
“My children...”
Glorifying the past
A certain group is not part of “the people”
Fearmongering
“The people want...”
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
“The people know that...”
Mention of basic values
Oversimplifying a complex issue