Colloquialisms or dialect
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
Sports metaphors
Impossible promises
The people have shared values
Mention of basic values
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
One-liners from popular entertainment
Opposing the elite
“My children...”
Blaming the “dissidents”
“The people” without a definition
Made-up sayings
“There are no options”
“The people want...”
A certain group is not part of “the people”
Made-up numbers
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
The true people have a unified culture
“The people know that...”
Generalisation based on an individual case
Oversimplifying a complex issue
Glorifying the past
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
War metaphors