Reference to homeland
Blaming the “dissidents”
One-liners from popular entertainment
War metaphors
Shifting attention to irrelevant matters
Nostalgic notions of nationality
“The people” without a definition
Difficult issue brushed aside with a joke
Impossible promises
The true people have a unified culture
“Cool” hand signs
Shifting attention from actions to feelings
Emotional rhetoric in factual issues
“Other [leaders] are alienated from the people”
Made-up sayings
“The people want...”
Leader doing physical work
“My children...”
A certain group is not part of “the people”
“Threat to our language”
Made-up numbers
Sports metaphors
The people have shared values
Colloquialisms or dialect